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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission File Number: 1-34354
ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its Charter)
Luxembourg98-0554932
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
33, Boulevard Prince Henri
L-1724 Luxembourg
Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
(Address of principal executive offices)
(352) 2060 2055
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $1.00 par value
ASPSNASDAQ Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes   No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No
As of April 19, 2024, there were 26,959,686 outstanding shares of the registrant’s common stock (excluding 3,003,062 shares held as treasury stock).


Table of Contents
Table of Contents
ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
FORM 10-Q
Page
2

Table of Contents
PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except per share data)
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$29,599 $32,522 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $3,555 and $3,123, respectively
13,625 11,682 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets8,350 11,336 
Total current assets51,574 55,540 
Premises and equipment, net 1,413 1,709 
Right-of-use assets under operating leases2,983 3,379 
Goodwill55,960 55,960 
Intangible assets, net25,278 26,548 
Deferred tax assets, net4,985 4,992 
Other assets6,675 6,730 
Total assets$148,868 $154,858 
LIABILITIES AND DEFICIT
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$28,465 $30,088 
Deferred revenue3,445 3,195 
Other current liabilities 2,171 2,477 
Total current liabilities34,081 35,760 
Long-term debt219,266 215,615 
Deferred tax liabilities, net8,998 9,028 
Other non-current liabilities 19,221 19,510 
Commitments, contingencies and regulatory matters (Note 21)
Deficit:
Common stock ($1.00 par value; 100,000 shares authorized, 29,963 issued and 26,953 outstanding as of March 31, 2024; 29,963 issued and 26,496 outstanding as of December 31, 2023)
29,963 29,963 
Additional paid-in capital179,093 177,278 
Accumulated deficit(218,517)(180,162)
Treasury stock, at cost (3,010 shares as of March 31, 2024 and 3,467 shares as of December 31, 2023)
(123,874)(152,749)
Altisource deficit(133,335)(125,670)
Non-controlling interests637 615 
Total deficit(132,698)(125,055)
Total liabilities and deficit$148,868 $154,858 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

Table of Contents
ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Condensed Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss
(in thousands, except per share data)

Three months ended
March 31,
20242023
Revenue$39,469 $39,461 
Cost of revenue27,165 30,957 
Gross profit12,304 8,504 
Selling, general and administrative expenses12,852 12,094 
Loss from operations(548)(3,590)
Other income (expense), net:
Interest expense(9,529)(6,760)
Change in fair value of warrant liability 694 
Debt amendment costs (3,242)
Other income (expense), net1,642 1,560 
Total other income (expense), net(7,887)(7,748)
Loss before income taxes and non-controlling interests(8,435)(11,338)
Income tax provision(722)(1,529)
Net loss(9,157)(12,867)
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests(41)(80)
Net loss attributable to Altisource$(9,198)$(12,947)
Loss per share:
Basic$(0.33)$(0.70)
Diluted$(0.33)$(0.70)
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic28,181 18,442 
Diluted28,181 18,442 
Comprehensive loss:
Comprehensive loss, net of tax$(9,157)$(12,867)
Comprehensive income attributable to non-controlling interests(41)(80)
Comprehensive loss attributable to Altisource$(9,198)$(12,947)
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

Table of Contents
ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity (Deficit)
(in thousands)
 Altisource Equity (Deficit)
Common stockAdditional paid-in capitalRetained earningsTreasury stock, at costNon-controlling interestsTotal
 Shares
Balance, December 31, 202225,413 $25,413 $149,348 $118,948 $(413,358)$775 $(118,874)
Net loss— — — (12,947)— 80 (12,867)
Distributions to non-controlling interest holders— — — — — (102)(102)
Share-based compensation expense— — 1,445 — — — 1,445 
Issuance of restricted share units and restricted shares— — — (6,058)6,058 —  
Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs4,550 4,550 15,911 — — — 20,461 
Treasury shares withheld for the payment of tax on restricted share unit and restricted share issuances— — — (3,700)3,240 — (460)
Balance, March 31, 202329,963 $29,963 $166,704 $96,243 $(404,060)$753 $(110,397)
Balance, December 31, 202329,963 $29,963 $177,278 $(180,162)$(152,749)$615 $(125,055)
Net loss— — — (9,198)— 41 (9,157)
Distributions to non-controlling interest holders— — — — — (19)(19)
Share-based compensation expense— — 2,213 — — — 2,213 
Exercise of warrants, net of costs— — (398)(3,722)4,030 — (90)
Issuance of restricted share units and restricted shares— — — (15,860)15,860 —  
Treasury shares withheld for the payment of tax on restricted share unit and restricted share issuances— — — (9,575)8,985 — (590)
Balance, March 31, 202429,963 $29,963 $179,093 $(218,517)$(123,874)$637 $(132,698)
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

Table of Contents
ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
Three months ended
March 31,
20242023
Cash flows from operating activities:  
Net loss$(9,157)$(12,867)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:  
Depreciation and amortization296 699 
Amortization of right-of-use assets under operating leases410 472 
Amortization of intangible assets1,270 1,280 
PIK accrual2,102  
Share-based compensation expense2,213 1,445 
Bad debt expense558 40 
Amortization of debt discount942 904 
Amortization of debt issuance costs607 627 
Deferred income taxes(30)(155)
Loss on disposal of fixed assets 23 
Change in fair value of warrant liability (694)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:  
Accounts receivable(2,501)(1,308)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets2,986 10,506 
Other assets49 (2,044)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(1,623)(478)
Current and non-current operating lease liabilities(420)(465)
Other current and non-current liabilities61 (1,043)
Net cash used in operating activities(2,237)(3,058)
Cash flows from financing activities:  
Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs 20,461 
Exercise of Warrants, net of costs(90) 
Debt issuance and amendment costs (4,786)
Repayments of long-term debt (20,000)
Distributions to non-controlling interests(19)(102)
Payments of tax withholding on issuance of restricted share units and restricted shares(590)(460)
Net cash used in financing activities(699)(4,887)
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(2,936)(7,945)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the beginning of the period35,416 54,273 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the end of the period$32,480 $46,328 
Supplemental cash flow information:  
Interest paid$5,853 $5,221 
Income taxes paid (refunded), net229 (4,663)
Acquisition of right-of-use assets with operating lease liabilities14 258 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:  
Warrants issued in connection with Amended Credit Agreement 8,096 
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets and the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows:
March 31, 2024March 31, 2023
Cash and cash equivalents$29,599 $43,113 
Restricted cash2,881 3,215 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported in the statements of cash flows$32,480 $46,328 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

Table of Contents
ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Description of Business
Altisource Portfolio Solutions S.A., together with its subsidiaries (which may be referred to as “Altisource,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our”), is an integrated service provider and marketplace for the real estate and mortgage industries. Combining operational excellence with a suite of innovative services and technologies, Altisource helps solve the demands of the ever-changing markets we serve.
We are publicly traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “ASPS.” We are organized under the laws of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
We conduct our operations through two reportable segments: Servicer and Real Estate and Origination. In addition, we report Corporate and Others separately (see Note 22 for a description of our business segments).
Basis of Accounting and Presentation
The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Regulation S-X. Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of management, the interim data includes all normal recurring adjustments considered necessary to fairly state the results for the interim periods presented. The preparation of interim condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of our interim condensed consolidated financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain prior year balance sheet amounts have been reclassified for consistency with the current year presentation.
Altisource consolidates Best Partners Mortgage Cooperative, Inc., which is managed by The Mortgage Partnership of America, L.L.C. (“MPA”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Altisource. Best Partners Mortgage Cooperative, Inc. is a mortgage cooperative doing business as Lenders One® (“Lenders One”). MPA provides services to Lenders One under a management agreement that ends on December 31, 2025 (with renewals for three successive five-year periods at MPA’s option).
The management agreement between MPA and Lenders One, pursuant to which MPA is the management company, represents a variable interest in a variable interest entity. MPA is the primary beneficiary of Lenders One as it has the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the cooperative’s economic performance and the right to receive benefits from the cooperative. As a result, Lenders One is presented in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements on a consolidated basis and the interests of the members are reflected as non-controlling interests. As of March 31, 2024, Lenders One had total assets of $0.4 million and total liabilities of $0.6 million. As of December 31, 2023, Lenders One had total assets of $0.4 million and total liabilities of $0.6 million.
These interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023, as filed with the SEC on March 7, 2024.
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ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as an exit price, representing the amount that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The three-tier hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value, which prioritizes the inputs used in the methodologies of measuring fair value for assets and liabilities, is as follows:
Level 1Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities
Level 2Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1
Level 3Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of assets or liabilities
Financial assets and financial liabilities are classified based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurements. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurements requires judgment and may affect the valuation of the assets and liabilities being measured and their placement within the fair value hierarchy.
Future Adoption of New Accounting Pronouncement
In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures. This standard updates reportable segment disclosure requirements primarily through enhanced disclosures about significant segment expenses that are part of an entity’s segment measure of profit or loss and regularly provided to the chief operating decision maker. In addition, it adds or makes clarifications to other segment-related disclosures, such as clarifying that the disclosure requirements in ASC 280 are required for entities with a single reportable segment and that an entity may disclose multiple measures of segment profit and loss. This standard will be effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2023, and for interim periods beginning after December 15, 2024. Early adoption of this standard is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance may have on its consolidated financial statements.
In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures. This standard amends the Codification to enhance the transparency and decision usefulness of income tax disclosures, to provide information to better assess how an entity’s operations and related tax risks and tax planning and operational opportunities affect its tax rate and prospects for future cash flows. This standard will be effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024. Early adoption of this standard is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance may have on its consolidated financial statements.
NOTE 2 — CUSTOMER CONCENTRATION
Ocwen
Ocwen Financial Corporation (together with its subsidiaries, “Ocwen”) is a residential mortgage loan servicer of mortgage servicing rights (“MSRs”) it owns, including those MSRs in which others have an economic interest, and a subservicer of loans owned by others.
During the three months ended March 31, 2024, Ocwen was our largest customer, accounting for 45% of our total revenue. Ocwen purchases certain mortgage services from us under the terms of services agreements and amendments thereto (collectively, the “Ocwen Services Agreements”) with terms extending through August 2030. Certain of the Ocwen Services Agreements contain a “most favored nation” provision and also grant the parties the right to renegotiate pricing, among other things.
Revenue from Ocwen primarily consists of revenue earned from the loan portfolios serviced and subserviced by Ocwen when Ocwen engages us as the service provider, and revenue earned directly from Ocwen, pursuant to the Ocwen Services Agreements. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, we recognized revenue from Ocwen of $17.7 million and $17.6 million, respectively. Revenue from Ocwen as a percentage of segment and consolidated revenue was as follows:
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ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
Three months ended
March 31,
20242023
Servicer and Real Estate56 %55 %
Origination % %
Corporate and Others % %
Consolidated revenue45 %45 %
We earn additional revenue related to the portfolios serviced and subserviced by Ocwen when a party other than Ocwen or the MSRs owner selects Altisource as the service provider. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, we recognized $2.8 million and $2.9 million, respectively, of such revenue. These amounts are not included in deriving revenue from Ocwen and revenue from Ocwen as a percentage of revenue discussed above.
As of March 31, 2024, accounts receivable from Ocwen totaled $4.9 million, $4.2 million of which was billed and $0.7 million of which was unbilled. As of December 31, 2023, accounts receivable from Ocwen totaled $3.4 million, $2.2 million of which was billed and $1.2 million of which was unbilled.
Rithm
Rithm Capital Corp. (individually, together with one or more of its subsidiaries or one or more of its subsidiaries individually, “Rithm”) (formerly New Residential Investment Corp.) is an asset manager focused on the real estate and financial services industries.
Ocwen has disclosed that Rithm is one of its largest servicing clients. As of December 31, 2023, Ocwen reported that approximately 16% of loans serviced and subserviced by Ocwen (measured in unpaid principal balance (“UPB”)) and approximately 67% of all delinquent loans that Ocwen services were related to Rithm MSRs or rights to MSRs (the “Subject MSRs”).
Rithm purchases brokerage services for real estate owned (“REO”) exclusively from us, irrespective of the subservicer, subject to certain limitations, for certain MSRs set forth in and pursuant to the terms of a Cooperative Brokerage Agreement, as amended, and related letter agreement (collectively, the “Brokerage Agreement”) with terms extending through August 2025.
For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, we recognized revenue from Rithm of $0.7 million and $0.8 million, respectively, under the Brokerage Agreement. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, we recognized additional revenue of $2.9 million and $3.3 million, respectively, relating to the Subject MSRs when a party other than Rithm selects Altisource as the service provider.
NOTE 3 — ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE, NET
Accounts receivable, net consists of the following:
(in thousands)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Billed$10,719 $9,826 
Unbilled6,461 4,979 
17,180 14,805 
Less: Allowance for credit losses(3,555)(3,123)
Total$13,625 $11,682 
Unbilled accounts receivable consist primarily of certain real estate asset management, REO sales, title and closing services for which we generally recognize revenue when the service is provided but collect upon closing of the sale, and foreclosure trustee services, for which we generally recognize revenues over the service delivery period but bill following completion of the service. We also include amounts in unbilled accounts receivable that are earned during a month and billed in the following month.
We are exposed to credit losses through our sales of products and services to our customers which are recorded as accounts receivable, net on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. We monitor and estimate the allowance for
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ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
credit losses based on our historical write-offs, historical collections, our analysis of past due accounts based on the contractual terms of the receivables, relevant market and industry reports and our assessment of the economic status of our customers, if known. Estimated credit losses are written off in the period in which the financial asset is determined to be no longer collectible. There can be no assurance that actual results will not differ from estimates or that consideration of these factors in the future will not result in an increase or decrease to our allowance for credit losses.
Changes in the allowance for expected credit losses consist of the following:
Additions
(in thousands)Balance at Beginning of PeriodCharged to Expenses
Deductions Note(1)
Balance at End of Period
Allowance for expected credit losses:
Three months ended March 31, 2024
$3,123 $558 $(126)$3,555 
Three months ended March 31, 2023
4,363 40 (198)4,205 
______________________________________
(1)    Amounts written off as uncollectible or transferred to other accounts or utilized.
NOTE 4 — PREPAID EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT ASSETS
Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist of the following:
(in thousands)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Prepaid expenses$3,281 $3,722 
Indemnity escrow receivable from Pointillist sale3,170 3,201 
Maintenance agreements, current portion1,334 1,327 
Income taxes receivable165 325 
Restricted cash23 23 
Other current assets377 2,738 
Total$8,350 $11,336 
NOTE 5 — PREMISES AND EQUIPMENT, NET
Premises and equipment, net consists of the following:
(in thousands)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Computer hardware and software$46,487 $46,519 
Leasehold improvements1,011 1,011 
Furniture and fixtures102 102 
Office equipment and other17 17 
47,617 47,649 
Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization(46,204)(45,940)
Total$1,413 $1,709 
Depreciation and amortization expense amounted to $0.3 million and $0.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, and is included in cost of revenue for operating assets and in selling, general and administrative expenses for non-operating assets in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.
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ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
Premises and equipment, net consist of the following by country:
(in thousands)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Luxembourg$954 $1,131 
India393 492 
United States49 64 
Uruguay17 22 
Total$1,413 $1,709 
NOTE 6 — RIGHT-OF-USE ASSETS UNDER OPERATING LEASES, NET
Right-of-use assets under operating leases, net consists of the following:
(in thousands)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Right-of-use assets under operating leases$7,256 $7,242 
Less: Accumulated amortization(4,273)(3,863)
Total$2,983 $3,379 
Amortization of operating leases was $0.4 million and $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, and is included in cost of revenue for operating assets and in selling, general and administrative expenses for non-operating assets in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.
NOTE 7 — GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS, NET
Goodwill
The following is a summary of goodwill by segment:
(in thousands)Servicer and Real EstateOriginationCorporate and OthersTotal
Balance as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023
$30,681 $25,279 $ $55,960 
Intangible Assets, net
Intangible assets, net consist of the following:
 
Weighted average estimated useful life
(in years)
Gross carrying amountAccumulated amortizationNet book value
(in thousands)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Definite lived intangible assets:
Customer related intangible assets9$214,307 $214,307 $(201,396)$(200,656)$12,911 $13,651 
Operating agreement2035,000 35,000 (24,792)(24,354)10,208 10,646 
Trademarks and trade names169,709 9,709 (7,550)(7,458)2,159 2,251 
Total$259,016 $259,016 $(233,738)$(232,468)$25,278 $26,548 
Amortization expense for definite lived intangible assets was $1.3 million and $1.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. Forecasted annual definite lived intangible asset amortization expense for 2024 through 2028 is $5.1 million, $5.1 million, $4.9 million, $4.7 million and $4.4 million, respectively.
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ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
NOTE 8 — OTHER ASSETS
Other assets consist of the following:
(in thousands)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Restricted cash$2,858 $2,871 
Security deposits395 397 
Surety bond collateral2,000 2,000 
Other1,422 1,462 
Total$6,675 $6,730 
NOTE 9 — ACCOUNTS PAYABLE, ACCRUED EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES
Accounts payable and accrued expenses consist of the following:
(in thousands)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Accounts payable$13,419 $15,275 
Accrued expenses - general8,934 8,637 
Accrued salaries and benefits4,656 5,048 
Income taxes payable1,456 1,128 
Total$28,465 $30,088 
Other current liabilities consist of the following:
(in thousands)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Operating lease liabilities$1,459 $1,570 
Other712 907 
Total$2,171 $2,477 
NOTE 10 — LONG-TERM DEBT
Long-term debt consists of the following:
(in thousands)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Senior secured term loans$226,187 $224,085 
Less: Debt issuance and amendment costs, net(2,711)(3,318)
Less: Unamortized discount, net(4,210)(5,152)
Total long-term debt$219,266 $215,615 
Senior Secured Term Loans
In April 2018, Altisource Portfolio Solutions S.A. and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Altisource S.à r.l., entered into a credit agreement with Morgan Stanley Senior Funding, Inc., as administrative agent and collateral agent, and certain lenders (the “Credit Agreement”). Under the Credit Agreement, Altisource borrowed $412 million in the form of senior secured term loans (“SSTL”). Effective February 14, 2023, Altisource Portfolio Solutions S.A. and Altisource S.à r.l. entered into Amendment No. 2 to the Credit Agreement (as amended by Amendment No. 2, the “Amended Credit Agreement”). Altisource Portfolio Solutions S.A. and its subsidiaries, subject to the applicable exclusions in the Amended Credit Agreement, are guarantors on the SSTL (collectively, the “Guarantors”). Effective June 1, 2023, the administrative agent and collateral agent of the Amended Credit Agreement changed to Wilmington Trust, N.A.
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ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
The maturity date of the SSTL under the Amended Credit Agreement is April 30, 2025. Since the aggregate amount of par paydowns on the SSTL made prior to February 14, 2024 using proceeds from issuances of equity interests or from junior indebtedness (“Aggregate Paydowns”) was equal to or greater than $30 million, the maturity date of the SSTL may be extended at the Company’s option to April 30, 2026. Such extension is conditioned upon the Company’s payment of a 2% payment-in-kind extension fee on or before April 30, 2025 and subject to the representations and warranties being true and correct as of such date and there being no default or event of default being in existence as of such date.
All amounts outstanding under the SSTL will become due on the earlier of (i) the maturity date, and (ii) the date on which the loans are declared to be due and owing by the administrative agent at the request (or with the consent) of the Required Lenders (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement; other capitalized terms, unless defined herein, are defined in the Amended Credit Agreement) or as otherwise provided in the Amended Credit Agreement upon the occurrence of any event of default. There are no mandatory repayments of the SSTL, except as set forth herein, until the April 30, 2025 maturity when the balance is due. If the maturity date is extended to April 30, 2026, the Company is required to make mandatory repayments of $5.2 million in the first quarter of 2026 with the remaining balance due at the April 2026 maturity.
In addition to the scheduled principal payments, subject to certain exceptions, the SSTL is subject to mandatory prepayment upon issuances of debt, certain casualty and condemnation events and sales of assets, as well as 50% of Consolidated Excess Cash Flow, as calculated in accordance with the provisions of the Amended Credit Agreement.
Altisource may incur incremental indebtedness under the Amended Credit Agreement from one or more incremental lenders, which may include existing lenders, in an aggregate incremental principal amount not to exceed $50 million, subject to certain conditions set forth in the Amended Credit Agreement. The lenders have no obligation to provide any incremental indebtedness.
Through March 29, 2023, the SSTL’s interest rate was the Adjusted Eurodollar Rate plus 4.00%. Beginning March 30, 2023, the SSTL bears interest at rates based upon, at our option, the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) or the Base Rate, as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement. SOFR-based term loans bear interest at a rate per annum equal to SOFR plus 5.00% payable in cash plus a payable in kind (“PIK”) component. Base Rate-based term loans bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the Base Rate plus 4.00% payable in cash plus a PIK component. The PIK component of the interest rate was subject to adjustment based on the amount of Aggregate Paydowns. Since Aggregate Paydowns were $20 million in the first quarter of 2023 and an additional $10 million in the third quarter of 2023, the PIK component was 4.50% for the period March 30, 2023 through June 30, 2023 and 3.75% for periods thereafter. The interest rate as of March 31, 2024, including the PIK component, was 14.20%.
If, as of the end of any calendar quarter, (i) the amount of unencumbered cash and cash equivalents of Altisource S.à r.l. and its direct and indirect subsidiaries on a consolidated basis plus (ii) the undrawn commitment amount under the Revolver is, or is forecast as of the end of the immediately subsequent calendar quarter to be, less than $35 million, then up to 2.00% in interest otherwise payable in cash in the following quarter may be paid in kind at the Company’s election.
The payment of all amounts owing by Altisource under the Amended Credit Agreement is guaranteed by the Guarantors and is secured by a pledge of all equity interests of certain subsidiaries of Altisource, as well as a lien on substantially all of the assets of Altisource S.à r.l. and the Guarantors, subject to certain exceptions.
The Amended Credit Agreement includes covenants that restrict or limit, among other things, our ability, subject to certain exceptions and baskets, to incur indebtedness; incur liens on our assets; sell, transfer or dispose of assets; make Restricted Junior Payments including share repurchases, dividends and repayment of junior indebtedness; make investments; dispose of equity interests of any Material Subsidiaries; engage in a line of business substantially different than existing businesses and businesses reasonably related, complimentary or ancillary thereto; amend material debt agreements or other material contracts; engage in certain transactions with affiliates; enter into sale/leaseback transactions; grant negative pledges or agree to such other restrictions relating to subsidiary dividends and distributions; make changes to our fiscal year; and engage in mergers and consolidations.
The Amended Credit Agreement contains certain events of default including (i) failure to pay principal when due or interest or any other amount owing on any other obligation under the Amended Credit Agreement within five days of becoming due, (ii) material incorrectness of representations and warranties when made, (iii) breach of certain other covenants, subject to cure periods described in the Amended Credit Agreement, (iv) failure to pay principal or interest on any other debt that equals or exceeds $5 million when due, (v) default on any other debt that equals or exceeds $5 million that causes, or gives the holder or holders of such debt the ability to cause, an acceleration of such debt, (vi) occurrence of a Change of Control, (vii) bankruptcy and insolvency events, (viii) entry by a court of one or more judgments against us in an aggregate amount in excess of $10 million that remain unbonded, undischarged or unstayed for a certain number of days after the entry thereof, (ix) the occurrence
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ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
of certain ERISA events, (x) the failure of certain Loan Documents to be in full force and effect and (xi) failure to comply in any material respects with the terms of the Warrants or the Warrant Purchase Agreement. If any event of default occurs and is not cured within applicable grace periods set forth in the Amended Credit Agreement or waived, all loans and other obligations could become due and immediately payable and the facility could be terminated.
The lenders under the Amended Credit Agreement received Warrants to purchase shares of Altisource common stock. The number of Warrant Shares is subject to reduction based on the amount of Aggregate Paydowns (see Note 11 for additional information). The fair value of the Warrants on February 14, 2023 was $8.1 million and was recorded as an increase in debt discount.
In connection with Amendment No. 2, the Company paid $4.9 million to the lenders and to third parties on behalf of the lenders. The $4.9 million payment was recorded as an increase in debt issuance and amendment costs. In connection with Amendment No. 2, the Company paid $3.4 million to advisors and recorded these payments as other expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.
Deer Park Road Management Company, LP (“Deer Park”), a related party, owns approximately 16% and 20% of Altisource’s common stock as of March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, and $40.9 million and $44.7 million of Altisource debt under the Amended Credit Agreement as of March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. An employee of Deer Park is a member of Altisource’s Board of Directors. In connection with the Amended Credit Agreement, Deer Park received 292 thousand Warrants. During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, Deer Park received interest of $1.1 million and $0.9 million, respectively from the Altisource SSTL.
As of March 31, 2024, debt issuance and amendment costs were $2.7 million, net of $6.7 million of accumulated amortization. As of December 31, 2023, debt issuance and amendment costs were $3.3 million, net of $6.1 million of accumulated amortization.
Revolver
On June 22, 2021 Altisource S.à r.l, a subsidiary of Altisource Portfolio Solutions S.A., entered into a revolving credit facility with STS Master Fund, Ltd. (“STS”) (the “Revolver”). STS is an investment fund managed by Deer Park.
The Revolver was amended effective February 14, 2023 (the “Amended Revolver”). Under the terms of the Amended Revolver, STS will make loans to Altisource from time to time, in amounts requested by Altisource and Altisource may voluntarily prepay all or any portion of the outstanding loans at any time. The Amended Revolver provides Altisource the ability to borrow a maximum amount of $15.0 million. Amounts that are repaid may be re-borrowed in accordance with the limitations set forth below.
The maturity date of the Amended Revolver coincides with the maturity date of the SSTL under the Amended Credit Agreement, as it may be extended. The outstanding balance on the Amended Revolver is due and payable on such maturity date.
Borrowings under the Amended Revolver bear interest of 10.00% per annum in cash and 3.00% per annum PIK and are payable quarterly on the last business day of each March, June, September and December. In connection with the Amended Revolver, Altisource is required to pay a usage fee equal to $0.75 million at the initial extension of credit pursuant to the Amended Revolver.
Altisource’s obligations under the Amended Revolver are secured by a first-priority lien on substantially all of the assets of the Company, which lien will be pari passu with liens securing the SSTL under the Amended Credit Agreement.
The Amended Revolver contains additional representations, warranties, covenants, terms and conditions customary for transactions of this type, that restrict or limit, among other things, our ability to use the proceeds of credit only for general corporate purposes.
The Amended Revolver contains certain events of default including (i) failure to pay principal when due or interest or any other amount owing on any other obligation under the Amended Revolver within three business days of becoming due, (ii) failure to perform or observe any material provisions of the Amended Revolver Documents to be performed or complied with and such failure continues for a period of 30 days after written notice is given by the Lender to the Borrower, (iii) material incorrectness of representations and warranties when made, (iv) default on any other debt that equals or exceeds $40.0 million that causes, or gives the holder or holders of such debt the ability to cause, an acceleration of such debt, (v) entry by a court of one or more judgments against us in an aggregate amount in excess of $40.0 million that remain unbonded, undischarged or unstayed for a certain number of days after the entry thereof, (vi) occurrence of a Change of Control, (vii) bankruptcy and insolvency events.
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
If any event of default occurs and is not cured within applicable grace periods set forth in the Amended Revolver or waived, all loans and other obligations could become due and immediately payable and the facility could be terminated.
As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, there was no outstanding debt under the Amended Revolver and Revolver, respectively. As of March 31, 2024 debt issuance costs were $0.1 million, net of $0.4 million of accumulated amortization. As of December 31, 2023 debt issuance costs were $0.2 million, net of $0.4 million of accumulated amortization. Debt issuance costs for the Amended Revolver and Revolver are included in other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet.
NOTE 11 — WARRANTS
On February 14, 2023, the lenders under the Amended Credit Agreement (see Note 10 for additional information) received warrants (the “Warrants”) to purchase 3,223,851 shares of Altisource common stock (the “Warrant Shares”). The number of Warrant Shares was subject to reduction based on the amount of Aggregate Paydowns. During 2023, the Company made $30 million of Aggregate Paydowns. Since Aggregate Paydowns were equal to or greater than $30 million, the number of Warrant Shares was reduced to 1,612,705.
The following table summarizes the activity related to our Warrant Shares:
Warrant Shares
Outstanding as of December 31, 2023
1,612,705 
Exercised(92,077)
Outstanding as of March 31, 2024
1,520,628 
The exercise price per share of common stock under each Warrant is equal to $0.01. The Warrants may be exercised at any time on and after February 14, 2024 and prior to their expiration date. The Warrants are exercisable on a cashless basis and are subject to customary anti-dilution provisions. The Warrants, if not previously exercised or terminated, will be automatically exercised on May 22, 2027. The Warrants are subject to a lock-up agreement, subject to customary exceptions, which expired on February 16, 2024.
The Warrants are free standing financial instruments that are legally detachable and separately exercisable from the term loans under the Amended Credit Agreement. At inception, the Warrants were not considered to be indexed to the Company’s stock because the number of Warrant Shares varied based on Aggregate Paydowns. Pursuant to ASC 815-40, Derivatives and Hedging–Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity, the outstanding Warrants were recognized as a warrant liability on the balance sheet based on their inception date fair value and subsequently re-measured at each reporting period with changes recorded as a component of other income (expense) in the statement of operations. On September 18, 2023, the Company reached the $30 million in Aggregate Paydowns threshold and the number of Warrant Shares was no longer variable. As a result, the Warrants were considered to be indexed to the Company’s stock and the Warrant Liability was reclassified to equity.
The fair value of the warrant liability was based on the number of Warrant Shares that were expected to be exercisable on and after February 14, 2024 and the Altisource share price less $0.01 at the measurement date.
The fair value of the warrant liability at each of the respective valuation dates is summarized below:
 Warrant LiabilityWarrant Shares based on Aggregate PaydownsExpected Warrant Shares that will be exercisable on February 14, 2024Fair Value per Warrant ShareFair Value
(in thousands)
Fair value at initial measurement date of February 14, 20233,223,8511,612,705$5.02$8,096 
Gain on change in fair value of warrant liability(694)
Fair value at March 31, 20232,578,7431,612,705$4.59$7,402 
During the three months ended March 31, 2023, the Company recorded a gain on changes in fair value of warrant liability of $0.7 million (no comparative amount for the three months ended March 31, 2024).
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
NOTE 12 — OTHER NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES
Other non-current liabilities consist of the following:
(in thousands)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Income tax liabilities$17,488 $17,506 
Operating lease liabilities1,655 1,950 
Deferred revenue13 9 
Other non-current liabilities65 45 
Total$19,221 $19,510 
NOTE 13 — FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS AND FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
The following table presents the carrying amount and estimated fair value of financial instruments and certain liabilities measured at fair value as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023. The following fair values are estimated using market information and what the Company believes to be appropriate valuation methodologies under GAAP:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(in thousands)Carrying amountFair valueCarrying amountFair value
Level 1Level 2Level 3Level 1Level 2Level 3
Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$29,599 $29,599 $ $ $32,522 $32,522 $ $ 
Restricted cash2,881 2,881   2,894 2,894   
Short-term receivable3,170   3,170 3,201   3,201 
Liabilities:
Senior secured term loan226,187  135,712  224,085  177,027  
Fair Value Measurements on a Recurring Basis
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash are carried at amounts that approximate their fair values due to the highly liquid nature of these instruments and are measured using Level 1 inputs.
The fair value of our SSTL is based on quoted market prices. Based on the frequency of trading, we do not believe that there is an active market for our debt. Therefore, the quoted prices are considered Level 2 inputs.
In connection with the sale of Pointillist on December 1, 2021, $3.5 million was deposited into an escrow account to satisfy certain indemnification claims that may arise on or prior to the first anniversary of the sale closing. The deposit was recorded as a short-term receivable. We measure short-term receivables without a stated interest rate based on the present value of the future payments.
There were no transfers between different levels during the periods presented.
Concentrations of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that subject us to concentrations of credit risk primarily consist of cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable. Our policy is to deposit our cash and cash equivalents with larger, highly rated financial institutions. The Company derived 45% of its revenue from Ocwen for the three months ended March 31, 2024 (see Note 2 for additional information on Ocwen revenues and accounts receivable balance). The Company strives to mitigate its concentrations of credit risk with respect to accounts receivable by actively monitoring past due accounts and the economic status of larger customers, if known.
NOTE 14 — SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION
Share Repurchase Program
On May 16, 2023, our shareholders approved the renewal and amendment of the share repurchase program previously approved by the shareholders on May 15, 2018. Under the program, we are authorized to purchase up to 3.1 million shares of our
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ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
common stock, based on a limit of 15% of the outstanding shares of common stock on the date of approval, at a minimum price of $1.00 per share and a maximum price of $25.00 per share, for a period of five years from the date of approval. As of March 31, 2024, approximately 3.1 million shares of common stock remain available for repurchase under the program. There were no purchases of shares of common stock during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023. Luxembourg law limits share repurchases to the balance of Altisource Portfolio Solutions S.A. (unconsolidated parent company) retained earnings, less the value of shares repurchased. As of March 31, 2024, we can repurchase up to approximately $115 million of our common stock under Luxembourg law. Under the Amended Credit Agreement, we are not permitted to repurchase shares except for limited circumstances.
Public offerings of Common Stock
On February 14, 2023, Altisource closed on an underwritten public offering to sell 4,550,000 shares of its common stock, at a price of $5.00 per share, generating net proceeds of $20.5 million, after deducting the underwriting discounts and commissions and other offering expenses.
On September 7, 2023, Altisource closed on an underwritten public offering to sell 5,590,277 shares of its common stock, at a price of $3.60 per share, generating net proceeds of $18.4 million, after deducting the underwriting discounts and commissions and other offering expenses.
Share-Based Compensation
We issue share-based awards in the form of stock options, restricted shares and restricted share units for certain employees, officers and directors. We recognized share-based compensation expense of $2.2 million and $1.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. The increase for the three months ended 2024 was primarily driven by the accelerated amortization for awards granted to retirement-eligible employees. As of March 31, 2024, estimated unrecognized compensation costs related to share-based awards amounted to $2.9 million, which we expect to recognize over a weighted average remaining requisite service period of approximately 1.32 years.
Stock Options
Stock option grants are composed of a combination of service-based, market-based and performance-based options.
Service-Based Options. These options generally vest over three or four years with equal annual vesting and generally expire on the earlier of ten years after the date of grant or following termination of service. A total of 180 thousand service-based options were outstanding as of March 31, 2024.
Market-Based Options. These option grants generally have two components, each of which vests only upon the achievement of certain criteria. The first component, which we refer to as “ordinary performance” grants, generally consists of two-thirds of the market-based grant and begins to vest if the stock price is at least double the exercise price, as long as the stock price realizes a compounded annual gain of at least 20% over the exercise price. The remaining third of the market-based options, which we refer to as “extraordinary performance” grants, generally begins to vest if the stock price is at least triple the exercise price, as long as the stock price realizes a compounded annual gain of at least 25% over the exercise price. Market-based options generally vest in three or four year installments with the first installment vesting upon the achievement of the criteria and the remaining installments vesting thereafter in equal annual installments. Market-based options generally expire on the earlier of ten years after the date of grant or following termination of service, unless the performance criteria is met prior to termination of service or in the final three years of the option term, in which case vesting will generally continue in accordance with the provisions of the award agreement. A total of 96 thousand market-based options were outstanding as of March 31, 2024.
Performance-Based Options. These option grants generally will vest if certain specific financial measures are achieved; typically with one-fourth vesting on each anniversary of the grant date. The award of performance-based options is adjusted based on the level of achievement specified in the award agreements. If the performance criteria achieved is above threshold performance levels, participants generally have the opportunity to vest in 50% to 200% of the option grants, depending upon performance achieved. If the performance criteria achieved is below a certain threshold, the options are canceled. The options generally expire on the earlier of ten years after the date of grant or following termination of service, unless the performance criteria is met prior to termination of service in which case vesting will generally continue in accordance with the provisions of the award agreement. There were 461 thousand performance-based options outstanding as of March 31, 2024.
There were no stock option grants during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.
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ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
The fair values of the performance-based options are determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.
We determined the expected option life of all service-based stock option grants using the simplified method, determined based on the graded vesting term plus the contractual term of the options, divided by two. We use the simplified method because we believe that our historical data does not provide a reasonable basis upon which to estimate expected option life.
The following table summarizes the grant date fair value of stock options that vested during the periods presented:
 Three months ended March 31,
(in thousands, except per share data)20242023
Weighted average grant date fair value of stock options granted per share$ $ 
Intrinsic value of options exercised  
Grant date fair value of stock options that vested83 83 
The following table summarizes the activity related to our stock options:
 Number of optionsWeighted average exercise price
Weighted average contractual term (in years)
Aggregate intrinsic value (in thousands)
Outstanding as of December 31, 2023739,189 $27.04 4.83$ 
Granted  
Forfeited(2,500)28.95   
Outstanding as of March 31, 2024736,689 27.04 3.60 
Exercisable as of March 31, 2024549,450 25.05 3.08 
Other Share-Based Awards
The Company’s other share-based and similar types of awards are comprised of restricted shares and restricted share units. The restricted shares and restricted share units are comprised of a combination of service-based awards, performance-based awards, market-based awards and performance and market-based awards.
Service-Based Awards. These awards generally vest over one-to-four-year periods. A total of 522 thousand service-based awards were outstanding as of March 31, 2024.
Performance-Based Awards. These awards generally vest if certain specific financial measures are achieved; generally one-third vests on each anniversary of the grant date or cliff-vest on the third anniversary of the grant date. The number of performance-based restricted shares and restricted share units that may vest is based on the level of achievement as specified in the award agreements. If the performance criteria achieved is above certain financial performance levels and Altisource’s share performance is above certain established criteria, participants have the opportunity to vest in up to 150% of the restricted share unit award for certain awards. If the performance criteria achieved is below certain thresholds, the award is canceled. A total of 187 thousand performance-based awards were outstanding as of March 31, 2024.
Market-Based Awards. 50% of these awards generally vest if certain specific market conditions are achieved over a 30-day period and the remaining 50% of these awards generally vest on the one year anniversary of the initial vesting. The Company estimates the grant date fair value of these awards using a lattice (binomial) model. A total of 112 thousand market-based awards were outstanding as of March 31, 2024.
Performance-Based and Market-Based Awards. These awards generally vest if certain specific financial measures are achieved and if certain specific market conditions are achieved. If the performance criteria achieved is above certain financial performance levels and Altisource’s share performance is above certain established criteria, participants have the opportunity to vest in up to 300% of the restricted share unit award for certain awards. If the performance criteria or the market criteria is below certain thresholds, the award is canceled. The Company estimates the grant date fair value of these awards using a Monte Carlo simulation model. A total of 187 thousand performance-based and market-based awards were outstanding as of March 31, 2024.
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ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
The Company granted 366 thousand restricted share units (at a weighted average grant date fair value of $2.31 per share) during the three months ended March 31, 2024. These grants included 86 thousand performance-based awards and 86 thousand awards that include both a performance condition and a market condition. The Company granted 744 thousand restricted share units (at a weighted average grant date fair value of $4.94 per share) during the three months ended March 31, 2023. These grants included 57 thousand performance-based awards and 57 thousand awards that include both a performance condition and a market condition.
The following table summarizes the activity related to our restricted shares and restricted share units:
Number of restricted shares and restricted share units
Outstanding as of December 31, 20231,262,742 
Granted365,501 
Issued(364,955)
Forfeited/canceled(254,963)
Outstanding as of March 31, 20241,008,325 
NOTE 15 — REVENUE
We classify revenue in three categories: service revenue, revenue from reimbursable expenses and non-controlling interests. Service revenue consists of amounts attributable to our fee-based services. Reimbursable expenses and non-controlling interests are pass-through items for which we earn no margin. Reimbursable expenses consist of amounts we incur on behalf of our customers in performing our fee-based services that we pass directly on to our customers without a markup. Non-controlling interests represent the earnings of Lenders One, a consolidated entity that is a mortgage cooperative managed, but not owned, by Altisource. The Lenders One members’ earnings are included in revenue and reduced from net income to arrive at net income attributable to Altisource (see Note 1). Our services are provided to customers located in the United States. The components of revenue were as follows:
Three months ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Service revenue$36,891 $37,071 
Reimbursable expenses2,537 2,310 
Non-controlling interests41 80 
Total$39,469 $39,461 
Disaggregation of Revenue
Disaggregation of total revenue by segment and major source was as follows:
Three months ended March 31, 2024
(in thousands)Revenue recognized when services are performed or assets are soldRevenue related to technology platforms and professional servicesReimbursable expenses revenueTotal revenue
Servicer and Real Estate$26,397 $2,684 $2,421 $31,502 
Origination7,696 155 116 7,967 
Total revenue$34,093 $2,839 $2,537 $39,469 
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
Three months ended March 31, 2023
(in thousands)Revenue recognized when services are performed or assets are soldRevenue related to technology platforms and professional servicesReimbursable expenses revenueTotal revenue
Servicer and Real Estate$26,553 $3,208 $2,184 $31,945 
Origination7,382 8 126 7,516 
Total revenue$33,935 $3,216 $2,310 $39,461 
Transactions with Related Parties
John G. Aldridge, Jr., the Managing Partner of Aldridge Pite LLP (“Aldridge Pite”), is a member of the Board of Directors of Altisource. Aldridge Pite provides eviction and other real estate related services to the Company and pays for the use of certain of the Company’s technology in connection with providing these services. The Company recognized service revenue of $0.1 million and less than $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, relating to services provided to Aldridge Pite.
Contract Balances
Our contract assets consist of unbilled accounts receivable (see Note 3). Our contract liabilities consist of current deferred revenue and other non-current liabilities as reported on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Revenue recognized that was included in the contract liability at the beginning of the period was $1.3 million and $1.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
NOTE 16 — COST OF REVENUE
Cost of revenue principally includes payroll and employee benefits associated with personnel employed in customer service, operations and technology roles, fees paid to external providers related to the provision of services, reimbursable expenses, technology and telecommunications costs as well as depreciation and amortization of operating assets. The components of cost of revenue were as follows:
Three months ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Outside fees and services$14,446 $15,094 
Compensation and benefits7,113 9,701 
Technology and telecommunications2,886 3,397 
Reimbursable expenses2,537 2,310 
Depreciation and amortization183 455 
Total$27,165 $30,957 
Transactions with Related Parties
The Company recognized $0.2 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively of reimbursable expenses relating to services provided to Aldridge Pite. As of March 31, 2024, the Company had no payable to Aldridge Pite.
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
NOTE 17 — SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES
Selling, general and administrative expenses include payroll and employee benefits associated with personnel employed in executive, sales and marketing, finance, technology, law, compliance, human resources, vendor management, facilities and risk management roles. This category also includes professional services fees, occupancy costs, marketing costs, depreciation and amortization of non-operating assets and other expenses. The components of selling, general and administrative expenses were as follows:
Three months ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Compensation and benefits$5,842 $6,030 
Professional services2,531 1,571 
Amortization of intangible assets1,270 1,280 
Occupancy related costs925 1,442 
Marketing costs508 382 
Depreciation and amortization113 244 
Other1,663 1,145 
Total$12,852 $12,094 
NOTE 18 — OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE), NET
Other income (expense), net consists of the following:
Three months ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Interest income (expense)$223 $434 
Other, net1,419 1,126 
Total$1,642 $1,560 
NOTE 19 — INCOME TAXES
We recognized an income tax provision of $0.7 million and $1.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. Income tax provision for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was driven primarily by income tax expense on transfer pricing income from India and the United States, no tax benefit on the pretax loss from our Luxembourg operating company and uncertain tax positions.
NOTE 20 — LOSS PER SHARE
Basic loss per share is computed by dividing loss available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. In accordance with ASC 260, penny warrants are included in the calculation of weighted average basic and diluted loss per share for the period that they are classified as equity. For the three months ended March 31, 2024, 1.6 million penny warrants have been included in the calculation of weighted average basic and diluted loss
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
per share. Diluted net loss per share excludes all dilutive securities because their impact would be anti-dilutive, as described below.
Basic and diluted loss per share are calculated as follows:
Three months ended
March 31,
(in thousands, except per share data)20242023
Net loss attributable to Altisource$(9,198)$(12,947)
Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic28,181 18,442 
Weighted average common shares outstanding, diluted28,181 18,442 
Loss per share:
Basic$(0.33)$(0.70)
Diluted$(0.33)$(0.70)
For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, 2.1 million and 2.9 million, respectively, stock options, restricted shares and restricted share units were excluded from the computation of loss per share, as a result of the following:
For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, 0.7 million and 1.7 million, respectively, stock options, restricted shares and restricted share units were anti-dilutive and have been excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share because the Company incurred a net loss
For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, 0.4 million and 0.3 million, respectively, stock options were anti-dilutive and have been excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share because their exercise price was greater than the average market price of our common stock
For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, 1.0 million and 0.9 million, respectively, stock options, restricted shares and restricted share units, which begin to vest upon the achievement of certain market criteria related to our common stock price, performance criteria and a total shareholder return compared to the market benchmark, that have not yet been met in each period have been excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share.
NOTE 21 — COMMITMENTS, CONTINGENCIES AND REGULATORY MATTERS
We record a liability for contingencies if an unfavorable outcome is probable and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated, including expected insurance coverage. For proceedings where the reasonable estimate of loss is a range, we record a best estimate of loss within the range.
Litigation
We are currently involved in legal actions in the course of our business, most of which seek monetary damages. Although the outcome of these proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty, we currently believe that their outcome, both individually and in the aggregate, will not have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Regulatory Matters
Periodically, we are subject to audits, examinations and investigations by governmental authorities and receive subpoenas, civil investigative demands or other requests for information from such governmental authorities in connection with their regulatory or investigative authority. We are currently responding to such inquiries from governmental authorities relating to certain aspects of our business. We believe it is premature to predict the potential outcome or to estimate any potential financial impact in connection with these inquiries.
Ocwen Related Matters
As discussed in Note 2, during the three months ended March 31, 2024, Ocwen was our largest customer, accounting for 45% of our total revenue. Additionally, 7% of our revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was earned on the loan portfolios serviced by Ocwen, when a party other than Ocwen or the MSRs owner selected Altisource as the service provider.
Ocwen has disclosed that it is subject to a number of ongoing regulatory examinations, orders, inquiries, subpoenas, civil investigative demands, requests for information and other actions and is subject to pending and threatened legal proceedings,
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
some of which include claims against Ocwen for substantial monetary damages. Previous regulatory actions against Ocwen have subjected Ocwen to independent oversight of its operations and placed certain restrictions on its ability to acquire servicing rights or proceed with default-related actions on the loans it services. Existing or future similar matters could result in adverse regulatory or other actions against Ocwen. In addition to the above, Ocwen may become subject to future adverse regulatory or other actions.
Ocwen has disclosed that Rithm is one of its largest servicing clients. As of December 31, 2023, Ocwen reported that approximately 16% of loans serviced and subserviced by Ocwen (measured in UPB) and approximately 67% of all delinquent loans that Ocwen services were related to Rithm MSRs or rights to MSRs.
The existence or outcome of Ocwen regulatory matters or the termination of Ocwen’s sub-servicing agreements with Rithm, or other significant Ocwen clients may have significant adverse effects on Ocwen’s business. For example, Ocwen may be required to alter the way it conducts business, including the parties it contracts with for services, it may be required to seek changes to its existing pricing structure with us, it may lose its non-government-sponsored enterprise (“GSE”) servicing rights or subservicing arrangements or may lose one or more of its state servicing or origination licenses. Additional regulatory actions or adverse financial developments may impose additional restrictions on or require changes in Ocwen’s business that could require it to sell assets or change its business operations. Any or all of these effects and others could result in our eventual loss of Ocwen as a customer or a reduction in the number and/or volume of services it purchases from us or the loss of other customers.
If any of the following events occurred, Altisource’s revenue could be significantly reduced and our results of operations could be materially adversely affected, including from the possible impairment or write-off of goodwill, intangible assets, property and equipment, other assets and accounts receivable:
Altisource loses Ocwen as a customer or there is a significant reduction in the volume of services it purchases from us
Ocwen loses, sells or transfers a significant portion of its GSE or Federal Housing Administration servicing rights or subservicing arrangements or remaining other servicing rights or subservicing arrangements and Altisource fails to be retained as a service provider
The contractual relationship between Ocwen and Rithm changes significantly, including Ocwen’s sub-servicing arrangement with Rithm expiring without renewal, and this change results in a change in our status as a provider of services related to the Subject MSRs
Ocwen loses state servicing licenses in states with a significant number of loans in Ocwen’s servicing portfolio
Ocwen is subject to stays, moratoriums, suspensions or other restrictions that limit or delay default-related actions on the loans it services
The contractual relationship between Ocwen and Altisource changes significantly or there are significant changes to our pricing to Ocwen for services from which we generate material revenue
Altisource otherwise fails to be retained as a service provider.
The foregoing list is not intended to be exhaustive. Management cannot predict whether any of these events or other events will occur or the amount of any impact they may have on Altisource.
Leases
We lease certain premises and equipment, primarily consisting of office space and information technology equipment. Certain of our leases include options to renew at our discretion or terminate leases early, and these options are considered in our determination of the expected lease term. Certain of our lease agreements include rental payments adjusted periodically for inflation. Our lease agreements generally do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants. We sublease certain office space to third parties. Sublease income was $0.2 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. The amortization periods of right-of-use assets are generally limited by the expected lease term. Our leases generally have expected lease terms at adoption of one to six years.
Information about our lease terms and our discount rate assumption were as follows for the three months ended March 31:
20242023
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)2.062.78
Weighted average discount rate6.39 %5.84 %
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ALTISOURCE PORTFOLIO SOLUTIONS S.A.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
Our lease activity during the period was as follows:
Three months ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Operating lease costs:
Selling, general and administrative expense$475 $556 
Cash used in operating activities for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities$483 $540 
Short-term (twelve months or less) lease costs18 419 
Maturities of our lease liabilities as of March 31, 2024 are as follows:
(in thousands)Operating lease obligations
2024$1,786 
20251,385 
2026638 
2027 
2028 
Total lease payments3,809 
Less: interest(695)
Present value of lease liabilities$3,114 
Escrow and Other Balances
We hold customers’ assets in escrow and other accounts at various financial institutions pending completion of certain real estate activities. These amounts are held in escrow and other accounts for limited periods of time and are not included in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Amounts held in escrow and other accounts were $24.9 million and $21.6 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively.
NOTE 22 — SEGMENT REPORTING
Our business segments are based upon our organizational structure, which focuses primarily on the services offered, and are consistent with the internal reporting used by our Chief Executive Officer (our chief operating decision maker) to evaluate operating performance and to assess the allocation of our resources.
We conduct our operations through two reportable segments: Servicer and Real Estate and Origination. In addition, we report Corporate and Others separately.
The Servicer and Real Estate segment provides loan servicers and real estate investors with solutions and technologies that span the mortgage and real estate lifecycle. The Origination segment provides originators with solutions and technologies that span the mortgage origination lifecycle. Corporate and Others includes interest expense and costs related to corporate functions including executive, infrastructure and certain technology groups, finance, law, compliance, human resources, vendor management, facilities, risk management, and eliminations between reportable segments.
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
Financial Information
Financial information for our segments is as follows:
 
Three months ended March 31, 2024
(in thousands)Servicer and Real EstateOriginationCorporate and OthersConsolidated Altisource
Revenue$31,502 $7,967 $ $39,469 
Cost of revenue19,132 6,133 1,900 27,165 
Gross profit (loss)12,370 1,834 (1,900)12,304 
Selling, general and administrative expenses3,098 1,959 7,795 12,852 
Income (loss) from operations9,272 (125)(9,695)(548)
Total other income (expense), net  (7,887)(7,887)
Income (loss) before income taxes and non-controlling interests$9,272 $(125)$(17,582)$(8,435)
 
Three months ended March 31, 2023
(in thousands)Servicer and Real EstateOriginationCorporate and OthersConsolidated Altisource
Revenue$31,945 $7,516 $ $39,461 
Cost of revenue19,725 7,454 3,778 30,957 
Gross profit (loss) 12,220 62 (3,778)8,504 
Selling, general and administrative expenses2,301 1,726 8,067 <